Asbestos in the Home

Asbestos is a naturally occurring silicate mineral made up of tiny fibres. When disturbed, it may produce a dust containing asbestos fibres. Breathing these fibres into the lungs may, in turn, cause a range of health problems including pleural plaques, asbestosis, lung cancer and mesothelioma

Asbestos was commonly used in building materials between the 1940s and the late 1980s. It was used because it is fire resistant, durable and an efficient insulating material.

Now that we are aware of the health risks, it is no longer mined in Australia. Since the beginning of 2004, it has also not been imported or used in any Australian products.

Risks of existing asbestos Asbestos only poses a risk to health when asbestos fibres are breathed in.

The presence of asbestos in home building materials generally does not pose a health risk unless the material is broken, deteriorating or disturbed in such a way that airborne asbestos fibres are produced.

There is the potential for this to occur when asbestos-containing material is being broken, or when it is being drilled, sanded or cut with a power tool.

When working on or handling asbestos products, householders should follow precautions. These precautions are designed to reduce the risk to householders to a very low level. It is difficult to tell whether a building material contains asbestos, and the only way to be certain is to have a sample of the material tested by an accredited laboratory. If the material is not tested, it should be treated as though it contains asbestos. If in doubt employ a specialist to remove the asbestos safely.


Diseases associated with asbestos

Most people who develop asbestos-related diseases have worked on jobs where they frequently breathed in large amounts of asbestos fibres.

For example, in the past, construction workers using unsafe practices may have frequently encountered asbestos fibre levels well above background levels. Some may have also carried asbestos fibres home on their clothing, skin and hair, and exposed family members to the fibres. Asbestos exposure has been linked to a range of diseases including:

  • Pleural plaques – thickened patches of scar tissue on the pleura (lining) of the lung.
  • Asbestosis – progressive scar tissue inside the lungs that impairs breathing
  • Lung cancer – can develop decades after asbestos exposure. Smokers and people with asbestosis are most susceptible.
  • Mesothelioma – a type of cancer that affects the pleura, the covering of the lung and lining of the chest wall and diaphragm. It can also develop decades after asbestos exposure.


Asbestos products found around the home.

Asbestos can be loosely or firmly bound. In older homes, firmly bound asbestos may be found in:

  • Exterior fibre cement cladding (AC or fibro) and weatherboards.
  • Artificial brick cladding.
  • Flexible building boards – eave linings, bathroom linings, cement tile underlay.
  • Corrugated cement roofing and fencing.
  • Flue pipes Architectural cement pipe columns
  • Textured paint Vinyl floor tiles or coverings.
  • Loosely bound or ‘friable’ asbestos was rarely used in domestic situations. However, it is possible that loose asbestos fibres may have been used as insulation on hot water pipes, insulation in old domestic heaters, insulation in stoves or ceiling insulation products.

As a guide, houses that were built before the mid-1980s are highly likely to have asbestos-containing products. Between the mid-1980s and 1990 may have asbestos-containing products After 1990 are unlikely to have asbestos-containing products.

Image by Bill Bradley

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